83. Tsuga heterophylla – Western Hemlock
Scientific Name: Tsuga heterophylla
Nativity: West Coast of North America: from Northwestern California to Alaska
The dominant tree in much of its range, western hemlock is found in low elevation forests near the coast. It commonly grows alongside Douglas fir, redwood, and grand firs. Wood is a great slow-burning fuel source for keeping fires going overnight. Pitch from bark has been chewed as gum and leaves used in herbal tea blends. Leaves and shoot tips can be chewed as an emergency food source if lost in the forest. Leaves and twigs excrete spruce oil, a common flavoring in ice cream, sodas, and gum today. As a timber source, it is commonly used to construct the support structures of buildings.
DBH: 12.9 inches